Can't find the proper settings to import Europe map using osm2pgsql?

Can't find the proper settings to import Europe map using osm2pgsql?

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I'm trying to deploy a map server, i used

My server setup is: Xeon E3-1230v2 Quad-qore, 16GB RAM DDR3, 2x2TB HDD in Software RAID-1 array, running Ubunutu Server 14.04

I use putty to SSH in to it, i don't know how to see why it breaks the import process but i assume the reason is the memory settings. I have dynamic ip at home, so after i set it to import i might lose connection to the server, and when i relog i can't see the import process, but i know it is importing as i check the server load, but it brakes.

Is there a command to show importing process?

I have 7GB of swap memory.

The latest settings i used are: osm2pgsql --slim -C 12000 --number-processes 2 europe-latest.osm.pbf

shared_buffers 1024MB

maintenance_work_mem = 1024MB

checkpoint_segments = 100

autovacuum = off (import only setting!)

What should i do?

I would ultimately need the import Europe and North America, also i want to deploy Nominatim 2, for the both regions.

Can my server handle it?

If not what setup am i looking at?

Please be more detailed in your suggestions as i'm not prolific user of Linux.

Important: When you turn off location for your phone, apps and services will not be able to get your phone’s location, but you could still get local results and ads based on your IP address.

Google has a number of location-based services, including:

  • Location Accuracy for your Android device (a.k.a. Google Location Services)
    To get a more accurate location for your phone, learn how to turn on Location Accuracy.
  • Location History for your Google Account
    To see and manage the places your phone has been, learn how to turn on Location History.
  • Location Sharing for Google Maps
    To let others see where your phone is, learn how to share your real-time location via Google Maps.
  • Location in Search
    To get more helpful results when you search on Google, learn how to manage location permissions for websites and apps.

Tip: Apps have their own settings. Learn how to manage app location settings.

Europe: Physical Geography

Encyclopedic entry. Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia.

Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography

Europe is the second-smallest continent. Only Oceania has less landmass. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. Europes northernmost point is the Svalbard archipelago of Norway, and it reaches as far south as the islands of Greece and Malta.

Europe is sometimes described as a peninsula of peninsulas. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides. Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south.

Europes main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. The link between these peninsulas has made Europe a dominant economic, social, and cultural force throughout recorded history.

Europe can be divided into four major physical regions, running from north to south: Western Uplands, North European Plain, Central Uplands, and Alpine Mountains.

Western Uplands

The Western Uplands, also known as the Northern Highlands, curve up the western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark), Finland, Iceland, Scotland, Ireland, the Brittany region of France, Spain, and Portugal.

The Western Uplands is defined by hard, ancient rock that was shaped by glaciation. Glaciation is the process of land being transformed by glaciers or ice sheets. As glaciers receded from the area, they left a number of distinct physical features, including abundant marshlands, lakes, and fjords. A fjord is a long and narrow inlet of the sea that is surrounded by high, rugged cliffs. Many of Europes fjords are located in Iceland and Scandinavia.

North European Plain

The North European Plain extends from the southern United Kingdom east to Russia. It includes parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), and Belarus.

Most of the Great European Plain lies below 152 meters (500 feet) in elevation. It is home to many navigable rivers, including the Rhine, Weser, Elbe, Oder, and Vistula. The climate supports a wide variety of seasonal crops. These physical features allowed for early communication, travel, and agricultural development. The North European Plain remains the most densely populated region of Europe.

Central Uplands

The Central Uplands extend east-west across central Europe and include western France and Belgium, southern Germany, the Czech Republic, and parts of northern Switzerland and Austria.

The Central Uplands are lower in altitude and less rugged than the Alpine region and are heavily wooded. Important highlands in this region include the Massif Central and the Vosges in France, the Ardennes of Belgium, the Black Forest and the Taunus in Germany, and the Ore and Sudeten in the Czech Republic. This region is sparsely populated except in the Rhine, Rhne, Elbe, and Danube river valleys.

Alpine Mountains

The Alpine Mountains include ranges in the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, northern Spain, and southern France. The region includes the mountains of the Alps, Pyrenees, Apennines, Dinaric Alps, Balkans, and Carpathians.

High elevations, rugged plateaus, and steeply sloping land define the region. Europes highest peak, Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters/18,510 feet), is in the Caucasus mountains of Russia. The Alpine region also includes active volcanoes, such as Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius in Italy.

Flora & Fauna

Much like its physical regions, Europes plant and animal communities follow a general north-south orientation. The tundra, found in Iceland and the northern reaches of Scandinavia and Russia, is a treeless region where small mosses, lichens, and ferns grow. Huge herds of reindeer feed on these tiny plants.

The taiga, which stretches across northern Europe just south of the tundra, is composed of coniferous forests, with trees such as pine, spruce, and fir. Moose, bear, and elk are native to the European taiga.

Just south of the taiga is a mixture of coniferous and deciduous trees, including beech, ash, poplar, and willow. Although this area remains heavily forested, the continents forests were drastically reduced as a result of intense urbanization throughout human history. Intense trade introduced many species, which often overtook native plants. The forests and grasslands of western and central Europe have been almost completely domesticated, with crops and livestock dominant.

Finally, small, drought-resistant plants border the Mediterranean Sea, Europes southern edge. Trees also grow in that southernmost region, including the Aleppo pine, cypress, and cork oak. The only primate native to Europe, the Barbary macaque, inhabits this Mediterranean basin. A small troop of Barbary macaques lives on the tiny island of Gibraltar, between Spain and the African country of Morocco.

The waters surrounding Europe are home to a number of organisms, including fish, seaweeds, marine mammals, and crustaceans. The cold water surrounding northern Britain and Scandinavia is home to unique species of cold-water corals. All of the major bodies of water in Europe have been fished for centuries. In many places, including the Mediterranean and North seas, waters have been overfished. About a quarter of marine mammals are threatened.

Today, around 15 percent of Europes animal species are threatened or endangered, mainly by habitat loss, pollution, overexploitation, and competition from invasive species. The European bison, the heaviest land animal on the continent, is one of the most threatened species.

Beginning in the 20th century, many governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have worked to restore some of Europes rich biodiversity. Establishing fishing limits, protecting threatened habitats, and encouraging sustainable consumption habits are some efforts supported by European conservationists.

Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia.

Map by the National Geographic Society

Most Renewable Electricity Produced
Iceland (99.9% hydropower, geothermal)

Population Density
188 people per square kilometer

Largest Watershed
Volga River (1.38 million square km/532,821 square miles)

Highest Elevation
Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 meters/18,510 feet)

Largest Urban Area
Moscow, Russia (16.2 million people)

modern farming methods that include mechanical, chemical, engineering and technological methods. Also called industrial agriculture.

Income & Billing

What can you expect to make as an international trader? The amount's entirely up to you, depending only on how serious you are and how willing you are to expand. Annual gross revenues for the industry range from $30,000 to $200,000 and beyond, with an average of about $75,000. Some traders work from home, supplementing 9-to-5 incomes with their trading expertise. Others have launched thriving full-time businesses that demand constant care and feeding. Wahib W.'s export company has a staff of five that oversees multimillion-dollar contracts.

"There are tons and tons of opportunities for [export] trade," says Wahib W. "U.S. manufacturers are at least 10 years behind the clock in exporting." So the potential for growth is entirely up to you--as long as you're willing to put in the time.

Pricing Yourself

What's Inside

More articles on import/export businesses »

As an international trader, you're an intermediary in the buying and selling, or importing and exporting, transaction. Therefore, you have to determine not just the price of the product, but the price of your services as well. These two figures are separate yet interactive. Because you're a swimmer in the trade channel, the price of your services has to be added on to the product price, and that can affect its competitiveness in the marketplace.

Since the fee for your services will impact the success of the product, you may ultimately decide to change your pricing structure. You don't want to undercharge your client so that you can't cover your expenses and make a profit, but you don't want to overcharge and reduce the competitiveness of your company and the merchandise you represent.

Import/export management companies use two basic methods to price their services: commission and retainer. Normally, you choose one method or the other based on how salable you feel the product is. If you think it's an easy sell, you'll want to work on the commission method. If you feel it's going to be an upstream swim, difficult to sell and require a lot of market research, you'll ask for a retainer.

A third method is to purchase the product outright and sell it abroad. This is a common scenario when you're dealing with manufacturers who would rather use you as a distributor than as a representative. You'll still market the product under the manufacturer's name, but your income will come from the profit generated by sales rather than by commission.

The Commish

Import/export management companies usually operate on a commission basis of about 10 percent. These fees are based on the product cost from the manufacturer.

Let's say you're working with English lawn chairs, which cost you $110 each. Here's what you do: First, take the price the manufacturer is charging for the product: $110. Now multiply $110 by 10 percent, which gives you a commission of $11 per chair.

So your product price at this point is $121 per chair ($110 + $11). To come up with the final price, you'll need to add other costs to this figure: any special marking or packaging, shipping, insurance and any representative or distributor commissions that you'll pay to others in the trade channel, which we'll go over a little later. Once you've arrived at a final price, you'll check it against your competitors' prices (you did do your market research, right?). If your product's price is comparatively low, you can bump up your commission percentage.

For now, however, you can see that for every chair you or your trade channelers sell, you'll get $11. If you sell a thousand chairs, that's $11,000 for you!

Biting the Retainer

If the manufacturer can't discount her price sufficiently or if you feel that the product will be a tough sell, you'll want to ask for a flat retainer (the monetary kind, not the dental appliance kind). You'll pass all the costs of market research along to the manufacturer. By taking a retainer, you guarantee yourself a set income rather than one tied by commission to a "problem" product.

To determine what your retainer should be, you'll need to consider three variables associated with the performance of your services:

  • Labor and materials or supplies: This usually includes your salary or estimated salary on an hourly basis plus the wages and benefits you pay any employees involved in the performance of the job. To determine labor costs, estimate the amount of time it will take to finish a job and multiply it by the hourly rate of your salary and that of any employees you might use. You can compute materials as a percentage of labor, but until you have past records to use as a guide, you should use 2 to 6 percent.
  • Overhead: This variable comprises all the nonlabor, indirect expenses required to operate your business. To determine your overhead rate, add up all your expenses for one year, except for labor and materials. Divide this figure by your total cost of labor and materials to determine your overhead rate. Or use a rate of 35 percent to 42 percent of your labor and materials.
  • Profit: And the end result is: After all labor, materials and overhead expenses are deducted, profit can be determined by applying a percentage profit factor to the combined costs of labor and materials and overhead.

Battery Conservation Settings for Android or iOS Smartphones

It’s important to follow these guidelines to conserve your iPhone battery and get the maximum battery life in the field. For day hikes or overnight hikes most of these suggestions are not as important, but they are critical if you want to use an smartphone for a multi-day trip without resorting to a recharge solution (external battery or solar). Our research ended up focusing a great deal on battery life, and we hope these ideas help.

Settings to Optimize Battery Life – iOS and Android Smartphones

This is a list of major settings to increase your battery life. These settings apply to both iOS and Android. In the case of iOS we have included the menu path to change the setting.

Major Settings

  • Monitor your battery charge percentage. iOS: General->Usage->Battery Percentage = ON.
  • Airplane Mode = ON. WIFI = OFF. Bluetooth = OFF (unless connected to something like your Delorme inReach). AirDrop = OFF. Personal Hotspot = OFF [for iOS these are all in the “Control Center” (swipe up from the bottom of the screen)]
  • Minimize screen brightness and screen use. A bright screen is a significant battery drain. So to minimize battery drain you should make sure the screen is not brighter than necessary. For iOS: Wallpapers & Brightness – Auto-Brightness allows the screen to adjust its brightness based on current lighting conditions. Then still use the minimum brightness necessary to use your smartphone.
  • Check which Apps have the biggest battery drain. You can do this in iOS via Settings->Battery and look under “Battery Usage”
  • Shut down unneeded apps. Most apps do nothing while in the background and it is fine to leave them in this inactive state. A few apps (i.e. mapping apps that have engaged the GPS in Tracking mode, Google Maps, and even Facebook) can activate the GPS in background and drain your battery. In theory, if an app is using the GPS there will be a small GPS Location Icon (arrowhead shape) at the top of the screen e.g. this icon appears when Google Maps is active in the background. But the GPS Icon is not a 100% reliable indicator, so you need to ensure that unneeded apps that might be running the GPS are fully shut down before you start your trip. Here are instructions on how to shut down background apps. (For tech-weenies, here is an article that offers a more complete explanation.)
  • For all apps still running, minimize the use of Locations Services (i.e. GPS use). iOS: Privacy->Location Services = ON but Turn Location Services OFF for any app that you will be using while backpacking unless it is important for that app to have a GPS read. For example, if you use a Camera app and you want it to put a GPS stamp on each image, then leave Location Services on for that app. However, if you don’t care about having a GPS stamp on the image, then turn Location Services off for Camera app so that it does not engage the GPS (and therefore drain battery) every time you take a photo.
  • Don’t use Tracking Mode (if you need trip tracking use a DeLorme inReach or a SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger.) Most smartphone mapping apps like GAIA have features to record a track as you walk, or to guide you to a specified waypoint. But to do this the app must constantly get a GPS read, which is a steady battery drain. So if you are on a multi-day trip, don’t use tracking mode (and use guide me sparingly in GAIA and other apps only when needed). Most of the time, it’s best to manually get your current location when necessary. [In our battery tests we found that Tracking mode consumes

If you need to leave Airplane Mode On (iOS only)

The following iOS settings should be irrelevant when Airplane Mode = ON. They are relevant only to people who choose to keep Airplane Mode OFF for some reason but want to maximize battery conservation. Use any of these as appropriate.

  • Cellular->Cellular Data = OFF
  • iTunes&App Stores->Automatic Downloads = OFF and Use Cellular Data = OFF
  • Notification Center – turn off notifications for all apps – No sounds, no badges, no alerts, no nothing.
  • General->About->Diagnostics and Usage = Don’t Send
  • General->Background App Refresh – You can disable each app from doing work while it’s in the background (i.e. not open and visible on the screen). Turn OFF everything that you won’t need to have running in the background while on your trip. For example, you won’t need the Stocks app trying to updated stock prices while you sleep!
  • Mail, Contacts, Calendars: Fetch New Data -> Push = OFF, and Fetch = Manually

Further Reading

Well, that's it. Hopefully this document has served as a very practical springboard into knowledge of how UTF-8 works. You may have decided that you don't want to migrate yet: that's fine, just know what will happen to your output and what bug reports you may receive.

Many other developers have already discussed the subject of Unicode, UTF-8 and internationalization, and I would like to defer to them for a more in-depth look into character sets and encodings.

Can't find the proper settings to import Europe map using osm2pgsql? - Geographic Information Systems

Theodolite has two modes for taking still images. The regular photo mode takes a still image at the camera's maximum resolution, and offers options (in camera settings) to overlay the image with a center crosshairs, a data stamp showing date, time, geo-data, and zoom level, and a custom user-entered note. The overlay font is scaled to the image size, and has settings for white, yellow, or green colors (all rendered with a transparent black drop shadow for legibility on any background). If available on the device, the flash can be used in manual or automatic mode.

Theodolite's screenshot mode captures exactly what is seen on the screen, and is rendered at the device's screen resolution. In screenshot mode, flash is not used.

In both modes, image saves are buffered and done in a background thread, so that you can continue to shoot photos while image saves are in progress. With multitasking, image saves will continue after you leave the app.

Images are saved to the device photo album, and are written with an EXIF metadata record containing position, altitude, bearing, and user notes. Theodolite 5 adds data for elevation and horizon angles to the EXIF record, as plain text in the TIFF "image description" field and as XML data in the EXIF "maker note" field.

Theodolite 3.0 introduced an exciting new feature frequently requested by users -- the ability to record movies in the app. The regular movie mode is similar to the photo mode in Theodolite, recording a basic video with options to show an overlay with crosshairs, geo-data, and a custom note. The screen movie mode is similar to the screenshot mode, capturing the entire screen display including the full graphics overlay. Both movie modes offer multiple video quality settings, and both record audio along with video. On capable devices, the torch can be used for lighting the video scene in regular movie mode.

On devices capable of HD recording, there are three video quality settings. Low records 4:3 at 480x360, medium records 4:3 at 640x480, and HD records 16:9 at 720p or 1080p (whichever the device supports).

On devices that do not support HD recording (such as the iPhone 3GS), only two video quality settings are available. Low records 4:3 at 480x360 and high records 4:3 at 640x480.

Note that onscreen rangefinders will only be displayed in 4:3 video modes.

Movie capture occurs in two stages first, the movie is recorded, and then it is processed to add information such as watermark overlays and screen graphics overlays. For the best performance, processing is run in the foreground as a modal task. If recording or processing are interrupted (such as by a phone call or other multitasking event in iOS) Theodolite will give you the option to process an interrupted recording, resume processing the movie, or delete the movie once you return to the app.

After a movie has been processed, it is saved in a background thread and you can continue using Theodolite, or leave the app, while the save is in progress. Movies are saved to the device photo album as ".mov" files, using H.264 video encoding and AAC audio recording (with audio bit rates ranging from 700 kbps to 10.5 mbps).

Note: Recording and processing movies in Theodolite is extremely computationally intensive, so this feature must be used carefully and wisely. It is not intended for extended movie recording or continuous monitoring, but rather, for short recordings (in the range of 10-20 seconds) in scenarios where Theodolite is typically used to make measurements or document observations and findings.

For the fastest performance, use the regular movie mode with lower video quality settings. In this mode, processing will take 1-4 seconds for every 1 second of recorded video on a typical device. This processing overhead can stretch to as much as 10-15 seconds of processing per 1 second of recording when using screen movie mode in HD quality on devices with retina screens!

It's advisable to experiment with your device in typical usage scenarios, to find the right balance between quality and processing time.

Medium video quality is sufficient for most purposes, and works well in screen movie mode. In fact, since screen movies are sized to the dimensions of the device screen, using HD quality doesn't really offer much benefit for screen movies unless your device screen resolution is HD or better.

HD quality is mainly intended for recording regular movies in cases where wide screen format or crisp watermarks are desired, and/or in cases where the user is willing to accept the additional processing overhead to get maximum video quality.

Theodolite's rangefinders allow you to quickly estimate distance to targets, objects, and landmarks, provided you know some dimension of the object in view. These rangefinders have been implemented through significant development and testing, using a proprietary database that we maintain in-house. Every new model of iOS device is tested on an optical rig to determine its lens and camera specifications, and then Theodolite is updated to properly support the new device. Theodolite's rangefinder capabilities are unique we know of no other developer that goes to this level of effort (most simply render "pretend" rangefinder graphics on screen).

To cycle through the various rangefinder reticles in Theodolite, tap the center of the screen. Note: rangefinder reticles are only available when the camera format is 4:3, which occurs in Theodolite's photo/screenshot mode and lower resolution movie modes. When the camera format is widescreen (using the HD quality setting on capable devices) rangefinder reticles will be turned off.

The first rangefinder is a distance/size multiplier-type rangefinder using rings. Default rings are 2x, 4x, 8x, and 16x, which indicate scale factors between distance to the object and the object size (ring diameter). Note that the scale factor of the rings will change with Theodolite's zoom level.

As an example of usage, consider the storage shed shown in the screenshot clip below. The corner of the shed, known to be about 6 feet high, lines up with the "16" ring on the rangefinder. This indicates that the distance to the shed is approximately 16 times that height dimension ie, 16 x 6 = 96 feet. The distance was later measured with a tape to be 98 feet, meaning Theodolite's optical estimate was within 2% -- pretty good.

For best results, the object should be framed in a straight level view, but off-angle variations of up to 10-15 degrees won't affect accuracy too badly. Any dimension of the object can be aligned with the reticle rings, whether vertical, horizontal, or diagonal.

The rangefinder reticle rings have been setup to work on all current devices, taking into account the lens field of view and the screen resolution. However, the rangefinder can be calibrated -- both to accomodate future devices and to improve results when user-specific applications dictate a particular range of measurement. To calibrate, simply drag the "CAL" handle in a circular motion to "focus" the rings on a landmark with a known distance:dimension ratio matching one of the rings. You can double-tap the handle to reset the rings to the default calibration.

The next rangefinder is also ring-based, but uses mil markings on the rings, for users familiar with military types of range measurements (used by snipers and artillerymen). It functions just like the scale factor rings, but instead uses scales of 100-600 mils.

Next up is a standard mil-dot crosshair reticle. Dot spacings are 20 mils at 1X zoom, 10 mils at 2X zoom, and 5 mils at 4X zoom.

Next, Theodolite includes two large format stadiametric rangefinders, similar to those used by snipers, hunters, and artillerymen. The first stadiametric option shows distance/height multipliers, and is usable with any reference target. By lining up the target with the curve scale, distance to the target can be estimated as a multiple of the target height. Note that the horizontal scale of the stadiametric curve is linear, such that graphical interpolation is possible.

The second stadiametric rangefinder is unit-based, showing yards to a 5'7" stadia (when length units are set to ft) or meters to a 1.7m stadia (when length units are set to m). It also uses a linear horizontal scale to allow interpolation.

Finally, Theodolite 3.1 introduced a variable 4X-24X rangefinder scope reticle. Drag the sizing handle to the right of the square reticle to fit the reticle to a vertical or horizontal dimension of the target. On the left, the scope displays the distance/size multiplier between distance to the target and the target size.

From location A, aim at an object or landmark in the distance and tap the A button. Then travel to location B, aim at the same object, and tap the B button. Theodolite uses the latitude/longitude position and azimuth recorded at points A and B to triangulate point C, the approximate location of the object/landmark you were aiming at. It also provides distances between the three points. Upon completion, points A, B, and C will be shown on the map along with bearing lines between the three points.

Be mindful of the Cell/GPS position accuracy and compass accuracy (shown by tapping the green/red status icons on the screen) when using this option, as they greatly affect the accuracy of the triangulated result. The greater the distance between points A and B relative to the position accuracy, the better results will be.

Theodolite shows hardware status and accuracy with a series of green or red dots located in various areas of the screen. Along the top of the screen, dots indicate status of position, altitude, and datum. The position and altitude dots will flicker when the device GPS hardware is actively seeking a position and altitude fix, and will remain solid when locked on. Dots on each side of the screen report status of gyro/accelerometer hardware used to measure horizon and elevation angles, and the dot on the bottom of the screen reports status of gyro/magnetometer hardware used to measure compass angle.

To see detailed accuracy information, tap any of the green/red status indicators on the screen. Starting with Theodolite 5, the accuracy screen is updated in realtime while open.

The accuracy of position, altitude, elevation/horizon, and azimuth measurements in Theodolite are determined by the hardware and sensor capabilities of your device, the location of measurement, and the quality of GPS signals and sensor readings.

Under optimal conditions (clear line of sight to the sky with signals from at least four satellites), the newest iOS devices generally have a position accuracy of 10-15 feet and an altitude accuracy of 15-25 feet.

With no magnetic interference, the latest iOS devices can generally measure azimuth with an accuracy of 5-10 degrees.

Devices with a gyro and accelerometer can measure elevation/horizon angles to 0.09 degrees accuracy, while devices with only an accelerometer are accurate to 0.9 degrees.

All accuracy numbers reported in Theodolite are based on hardware specs and realtime accuracy information provided by Apple through iOS. The application itself does not determine or influence accuracy however, the displays in Theodolite are setup to show levels of fidelity, resolution, and proper number of significant digits that are appropriate for the available hardware accuracy.

Theodolite 3.1 introduced live map markers that continually update to show distance and heading to the marker from the current location. This information is displayed on the left side of the marker's popup annotation.

New in Theodolite 5 is a live distance/bearing display on Theodolite's main camera view, which shows distance and bearing, as well as aim indicators, pointing to the active map marker selected on the map view. This is shown in the lower left corner of the screen.

Theodolite 2.7 introduced the ability to share map markers with other users of the app via SMS text messaging and e-mail. To access this feature, tap any marker shown on the built-in map, and then tap the action button on the marker's popup and select one of the share options. Data shared from normal markers includes position and marker name. Data shared from A or B points (created with Theodolite's A-B calculator) include position, altitude, azimuth, elevation angle, and horizon angle. This allows users to share A-B measurement points for distributed and team calculations. For example, users could aim at a common landmark from two different positions (one designated A, the other designated B), and then share that data to compute the position (point C) of the landmark. Or users at different positions could share data to compute the distance and heading between their positions.

When sharing a map marker via SMS text message, a special data URL is transmitted to the recipient. When sharing via e-mail, a formatted message is sent containing a link with an embedded data URL. These special URLs will be active and recognized on any iOS device with version 2.7 or later of Theodolite or Theodolite HD. When the recipient taps the URL or link, Theodolite will open and import the marker.

Map markers will be imported directly, with the option to edit the marker name (by default, the original marker name is appended with the name of the sender's device). A-B markers will open with an option to import the point as A or B, or as a simple map marker (which only uses position). When importing as A or B, the new point will overwrite any existing A or B points on the receiving device.

Theodolite 3.1 added a sharing URL for the Gaia GPS app, which will allow users of that app to import Theodolite map markers (and vice versa). This feature is only available when sharing map markers via e-mail.

Theodolite data sharing can be implemented in websites, e-mails, texts, and other apps. Simply use one of the URL formats shown below:

The first scheme is for map markers and passes marker name, latitude, and longitude. The second is for A-B calculator points and passes name, latitude, longitude, vertical angle, horizontal angle, and azimuth angle (true). All numerical data must be in decimal degrees. The WGS-84 datum is assumed for position coordinates. Marker names must be percent-escaped.

For additional questions about Theodolite URL sharing, please contact the developer.

Theodolite 5 introduces new offline Outdoors maps. These exclusive new maps are ready for your outdoor lifestyle whether you're a hiker, sportsman, skier, cyclist, or any other type of outdoor adventurer. They are also ideal for military personnel, surveyors, first responders, search and rescue teams, and other professionals who work outdoors.

Theodolite outdoors maps use detailed coloring and shading to show terrain and land cover with spectacular fidelity, and include topo contours (feet or meters), roads, trails, landmarks, campgrounds, ski lifts, and more. Built on MapBox and OpenStreetMap cartography with worldwide coverage, Theodolite outdoors maps have solid data whether you're in the city or out in the middle of nowhere. And when you really are out in the middle of nowhere, count on Theodolite's new offline map mode to access outdoors maps stored on your device.

Theodolite outdoors maps are paid "per-tile" so you're only paying for what you use, with no subscriptions or time limits. Purchase credits for 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, . up to 200,000 map tiles, and add more when needed. Both online and offline maps are paid per-tile, but downloaded offline maps are yours to keep, with no additional costs down the road. Map tile credit pricing starts at .99 USD (or equivalent) for 5,000 tiles, with intermediate price tiers and increasing discounts the more tiles you purchase.

Note: Outdoors map tile credits are a consumable in-app purchase, which means iTunes installs them on a per-device basis and does not share them between devices in your iTunes account. You must add map tile credits to each device separately, if desired. In addition, iTunes does not provide a restore capability for consumable in-app purchases, which means they could be lost if you do not backup your device and make use of iCloud. Theodolite will save information about your map tile purchases on the device and in iCloud, to allow you to restore purchased credits from backup or transfer to a new device. You are strongly urged to backup your device and to allow Theodolite to use iCloud (see iOS System Settings) in order to restore map tile credits or transfer them to new devices.

To get started with Theodolite Outdoors maps, use the mode selection button (looks like an unfolded map) on the map screen's toolbar to select "Outdoors" mode. For an initial purchase, you will be taken to a description screen with buttons to view pricing and purchase through iTunes. For subsequent purchases, you can tap the map tile counter which appears in the upper left of the map screen when in Outdoors map mode.

Once map tile credits are purchased, you will see a small counter in the upper left corner of Theodolite's map screen when in Outdoors map mode. This counter keeps track of map tile credits remaining, and you will notice that number decrease when browsing a new area or when downloading map tiles for offline use (see below). You can tap the counter to buy more map tiles at any time (it will turn red when fewer than 500 tiles remain).

Theodolite makes use of agressive caching, both in memory and on disk, to minimize repeat downloads of tiles and make the most of your map tile credit purchases. If a previously downloaded tile is in memory or on disk cache, Theodolite will retrieve it instead of downloading the tile from the cloud and using a credit.

To download Outdoors map tiles for offline use, tap the "cloud" button on the map screen's lower toolbar (only visible when in Outdoors map mode). This will bring up a selection box which you can move and resize to capture the region of interest (you can still move and pinch the map to position and zoom it independently of the selection box). The selection box encompasses all tiles shown inside the box at the current zoom level, as well as all tiles needed to support higher zoom levels (to enable zooming in).

When you are ready to download a region, tap the "Download" button in the lower right corner. Theodolite will calculate the number of map tiles required for download (which also indicates the possible number of map tile credits that will be spent if tiles aren't already in cache), and provide an estimate of the amount of disk space required to store those tiles on your device. If you go ahead with download, a progress bar will be shown on the bottom of the screen. Once download is complete, you are asked to name the offline tile set.

Note that downloads of large regions can take a while, so you may want to do those while on a wifi network for the best performance. Please be sure your device has enough free storage space before downloading large offline maps.

To view offline map sets, use the map screen's mode button to change to "Offline" mode. The current active offline set will be shown (or the one you just downloaded, if that's the first set). You'll notice that the cloud button from the Outdoors mode is replaced by a filing cabinet drawer button in Offline mode. That button gives access to all of your offline map sets, allowing you to select a set for viewing or delete a set (tap the "Edit" button to delete map sets).

Also on the map set screen is a switch that toggles whether or not offline maps will be backed up with your device data when backing up to a local Mac/PC or to iCloud (if you have the storage space to backup your offline maps, that option is strongly recommended).

Theodolite 3.1 introduced team tracking, which automates the sharing and exchange of map position markers for teams with up to 20 members. This feature is available with an additional one-time in-app purchase of .99 USD (or equivalent) through the iTunes App Store.

Team tracking was developed in conjunction with search and rescue teams to offer a good balance between simplicity and performance. It deliberately avoids using continuous updates and background GPS operations to minimize impacts on battery life. It does not require complicated logins or authentications. All location information is transmitted privately within a team, and members can opt to temporarily disable tracking on their device when additional privacy is needed (for instance, when the team is not on active duty).

Theodolite's team tracking model is simple and has only two modes of operation -- team leader or team member. As a team leader, you can create a team and send invitations out to 19 additional members. As a member, you can accept invitations to join a team. Leaders have the ability to delete/deactivate a team, while members can delete/deactivate their membership. You can only be a leader or member of one team at a time.

To get started with team tracking, tap the "Create" button on the team popup (accessible on the map screen) or accept a team invitation. You will be prompted to complete a one-time in-app purchase through the iTunes App Store to activate the team tracking feature. This purchase will allow you to create or join an unlimited number of teams, and the purchase is transferable to all of your devices running Theodolite under your iTunes account (note, however, that the in-app purchase is not transferable between Theodolite and Theodolite HD, as they are separate products in iTunes and Apple doesn't allow in-app purchases to transfer between apps). Currently, no additional usage fees are required and the intention is to keep it that way. However, we reserve the right to implement upgrade options or subscription plans in the future.

When creating a team, you must provide a team name and a name for yourself as leader. After the team is created, you can tap the "Invite" button to send invitations to members via SMS text message or e-mail. You can send invitations at any time, up to an overall total of 20 devices (leader + 19 members) on the team.

When joining a team, you will be prompted to provide a name for yourself as a member and then you will be added to the team.

Once the team is active and has members, you will begin seeing green dots on Theodolite's map showing the location of other team members. The team popup always shows the time of the most recent update and the number of active members on the team (active/total stats in square brackets). The team tracking database is updated every 5 minutes whenever Theodolite's map screen is open, and that includes both sending your device's location up to the cloud server and retrieving location of other team members from the cloud server. When periodic tracking updates are required (for example, while a team is on active duty), team members should periodically open Theodolite's map to update their location with the database and download the latest team positions.

In both leader and member modes, an on/off switch on the team popup allows you to turn off tracking and sharing of location information for your device. This is useful in situations when a team is not on active duty and additional privacy is desired. This lets you temporarily disable team tracking on your device without modifying the team setup.

Team tracking is a new and evolving feature in Theodolite, and users are encouraged to provide feedback to guide future development. Please let us know how team tracking is working for you, and give suggestions for improvements.

The optional Datum Pack adds over 230 geodetic datums to the app, covering regions around the world. These datums are used to compute position and altitude from GPS data. The Datum Pack is available with an additional one-time in-app purchase of $2.99 USD (or equivalent) through the iTunes App Store.

The default datum used by iOS location services, and Theodolite, is WGS-84 (WGS stands for "world geodetic system" and 84 refers to "1984", the year of this standard). WGS-84 is an ellipsoidal model that approximates the surface of the Earth.

While WGS-84 is a good worldwide compromise for a datum, any datum that attempts to model the entire Earth with a single ellipsoid will have errors in regions where the Earth's actual surface deviates from the ellipsoidal shape. For that reason, local datums are often used in navigation and surveying. These allow a more accurate representation of the Earth surface over smaller regions of interest. Well known datums in North America are NAD-27 and NAD-83, which have subsets covering specific regions like Alaska, Canada, Mexico, and other regions and countries in North America. In Europe, OSGB-36 is well known in the United Kingdom, and ED-50 is commonly used in other European countries.

Theodolite's optional Datum Pack includes over 230 additional datums, covering regions and countries on all continents around the world. You can browse this list by opening Theodolite's preferences screen via the PREF button and tapping on the "Geodetic Datum. " button, or see them here). You can purchase the Datum Pack, which includes all datums shown in the list (as well as any future additions), by tapping the link at the bottom of the screen or by selecting any non-default datum in the list. You will be prompted to complete a one-time in-app purchase through the iTunes App Store to install the Datum Pack feature. This purchase is transferable to all of your devices running Theodolite under your iTunes account (note, however, that the in-app purchase is not transferable between Theodolite and Theodolite HD, as they are separate products in iTunes and Apple doesn't allow in-app purchases to transfer between apps).

Once installed, you can select any datum that is part of the Datum Pack, and Theodolite will use the datum to convert raw GPS data into position and altitude. Most regional datums have a limited range of applicability if you are in a position outside of that range, the datum status indicator on Theodolite's main screen (third dot to the right of the POSITION-ALTITUDE-TIME label) will turn red, and Theodolite's status screen (accessed by tapping any of the green/red indicators) will show "Datum error - location outside of limits". This doesn't necessarily mean that computed position and altitude are wrong, but it does suggest that the active datum is not going to provide accurate results, so another datum is likely more appropriate.

Note that mobile map content and most online mapping is based on the WGS-84 datum. Starting in Theodolite 5, any coordinates based on an alternate datum are placed at their equivalent WGS-84 position on the map screen for proper rendering over the WGS-84 based map imagery and content (map marker popups will continue to show the datum based coordinate and format even though they are pinned to the equivalent WGS-84 position on the map). You will see an overlay message in the lower right corner of the map view indicating that content is based on WGS-84.

Similarly, most online mapping services and map data formats assume the WGS-84 datum, so any map markers, map URLs, or KML files exported from Theodolite will use WGS-84 coordinates. Please keep this in mind when using an alternate datum.

Theodolite's Datum Pack has an architecture that will easily accept additional datums in future releases (at no extra charge). If you would like to use a datum that is not currently included, or have any other feedback on datums, please let us know.

This optional in-app purchase adds 1927 (SPCS27) and 1983 (SPCS83) US State Plane Coordinates to Theodolite. SPCS27 has 134 zones and uses units of US survey feet. SPCS83 has 126 zones and uses units of meters. This option costs $19.99 USD (or equivalent) through the iTunes App Store. To purchase this feature, go to Theodolite's preferences screen (PREF button), select "Position Format", and either tap the info link at the bottom of the screen, or scroll to the bottom of the format list, select a state plane coordinate system, and tap on a zone. You can browse the list of systems and zones prior to purchase.

Note that SPCS27 is to be paired with the NAD27 datum and SPCS83 is to be paired with the NAD83 datum. You must purchase Theodolite's Datum Pack (sold separately) to enable these datums.

The State Plane Coordinates in-app purchase is transferable to all of your devices running Theodolite under your iTunes account (note, however, that the in-app purchase is not transferable between Theodolite and Theodolite HD, as they are separate products in iTunes and Apple doesn't allow in-app purchases to transfer between apps).

Most of Theodolite's features will work without access to the internet, except for online maps, e-mail export, and location services for wifi-only devices (wifi-only devices are iPads and iPods lacking GPS hardware and 3G/4G cellular hardware). iPhones and iPads with GPS hardware can get location data without an internet connection, however it will take longer for the on-board GPS hardware to function in a standalone mode without help from internet databases to speed refinement.

When using a GPS-enabled iOS device without an internet connection, allow extra time (tens of seconds, or a minute) for the device to acquire an initial position fix. Once the initial position is locked in, subsequent position updates will behave normally.

Once you purchase Theodolite, you are able to install it on up to 5 devices under your Apple ID. You can download Theodolite again at any time without additional cost. Just go to the App Store app on your device and look in the Updates > Purchased section to download the app.

The datum pack, team tracking, and state plane coordinate in-app purchases are non-consumable, and can be restored at any time, or installed on up to 5 devices under your Apple ID. Please access the particular feature in Theodolite, ask to "learn more", and then tap the "Restore" button.

Map tile credit in-app purchases for Outdoors maps are consumable in-app purchases, and cannot be shared among devices. However, Theodolite uses a couple tricks to help you restore them from a data loss or when transferring over to a new device. To do this, you must make use of device backups (to a PC/Mac or iCloud) and let Theodolite use iCloud (see iOS system settings to enable that, under Documents & Data in iOS 7/8 or iCloud Drive in iOS 9). You would first restore Theodolite and it's data/settings from backup, and then the app will detect the change and attempt to connect with iCloud to access your map tile credits.

Trouble Shooting

Options and state information is normally stored in the following folder:

If you activated Store data in roaming folder the location is changed to the following folder:

There is one options_<your outlook profile>.xml file which stores the options for each outlook profile.
For each sync profile there is a subfolder with state information stored in a relations.xml file after the inital sync. If you delete that folder, a fresh inital sync is performed. In the Synchronization profiles dialog a context menu is available in each profile (right click), which allows to open the cache directory and read the relations.xml file.

Each synchronization attempt is logged in the log.txt file. There you can find information about sync duration and the amount of added, deleted or modified events. Errors and Exceptions are logged aswell. You can view and clear the log file in General Options. There you can also change the log level from INFO to DEBUG .

Debugging and more config options

In the install dir (The default is 'C:Program Files (x86)CalDavSynchronizer' ) you will find the app config file

In that xml file you can config timeout parameters and config options in the section appSettings
After changing parameters you have to restart Outlook.

  • wpfRenderModeSoftwareOnly: When set to true, turn off hardware acceleration and use Software Rendering only. Useful if you have issues with WPF and your graphics card driver.

You can also change defaults for some of the general options like CheckForNewVersions, StoreAppDatainRoamingFolder, IncludeCustomMessageClasses and SSL/TLS options, useful for All Users deployment, because general options are stored per user in the HKCU registry hive.

In the section you can define proxy settings, e.g. use of NTLM credentials

In this section you can also allow UnsafeHeaderParsing if the server sends invalid http headers.

This setting can also be enabled in the general options, starting with version 2.10.0.


  1. Libby

    If they say they are on the wrong track.

  2. Khafra

    It is remarkable, rather valuable information

  3. Trystan


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